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中考英语作文写作指导:看图作文

2009-05-06

  最近几年的中考英语当中,很多省市已经摆脱了单一作文模式,采用一大一小两个作文相结合的模式。例如,去年辽宁沈阳中考英语作文就是一个小作文,应用文-写假条,加上一个大作文,汉语提示作文构成。今年,北京中考英语作文也将是两个,一个看图作文在加上一个提示作文构成。这一讲,我们先来学习一下看图作文的写法。

  看图作文要求考生按照所给图画,通过合理的联想将一组画面的内容正确地表达出来。看图作文与其他类型作文的不同之处在于,它除了要求考生有英语语言表达能力,还要求考生有观察能力、分析能力和想象能力。

  写好看图作文应注意的事项1、结合文字提示,正确理解图意。一般情况下,看图作文在提供图画的同时也附带有简要的文字提示,我们可以利用文字提示去正确地理解图意,得到要点。切忌孤立地看图而忽视文字提示。

  写作从图画的细节出发。所谓细节,就是指图画中的人物、事件、地点、环境、时间、动作等。依据图画细节,就可以把图画的内容用英语具体而生动地表达出来了。

  (三)例题分析(例题)

  同学们,看到下面的四幅图片及相应的报道后,你感到最担忧的是哪两种情形?请简述你担忧的理由并提出建议或希望。

  要求:

  ⒈ 从所给素材中任选两种情形进行阐述,不可多选或少选。

  ⒉ 条理清楚,意思连贯,语句通顺,标点正确;

  ⒊ 词数 80 ~ 100。

  参考词汇: 建议 suggest v. suggestion n.

  气体 gas n.  污染 pollution n.

  THE POLLUTIONS

  ① One third of the world's people don't have enough clean water.

  ② More and more diseases are caused by polluted air.

  ③ People are disturbed quite often by kinds of noises.

  ④ Every person in our city makes about 1.8 kilos of rubbish every day.

  这道看图作文题,主题和图片连接得不是很紧密。从考查的形式上来说,虽是看图,实质上却属于提示性的作文。这个作文应该结合个人的观点,选择的余地还是很大的。做这个题应该注意几个方面:

  1、认真读题。注意,题目虽然给了四幅图,但是却只要求写其中的两个就行。

  2、题意要求的是阐述个人的观点-最担忧的两种情形。而不是对图片进行描述。

  3、结合所给的提示。提示中,对每种污染都进行了阐述,考生可以这些描述进行写作。

  4、注意字数,语法,拼写等,避免错误。

  下面是两个例文,大家可以参考一下。

  One possible version:

  The environment is becoming worse and worse. There are many kinds of pollution I worry about. The most serious two are water pollution and air pollution, because people can't live healthily with dirty water and polluted air, nor can animals. More and more diseases are caused by polluted air.

  I think factories should not pour dirty water into the river directly or produce more waste gas. We'd better go on foot or by like instead of by car, because more cars mean more waste gas. We should make our world more and more beautiful.

  Another possible version:

  The first fact I worry about is noise pollution. People can't sleep well if there is too much noise. That's why so many people prefer to live in the countryside rather than live in the noisy city. I suggest all the factories and cars shouldn't make terrible noises. If they make terrible noise that isn't allowed, they will be fined, and we can also produce the cars which can't make terrible noise.

  The other pollution is rubbish pollution. If everyone makes so much rubbish, one day we may live in a world filled with rubbish. Some people throw the waste paper about. I suggest rubbish should be put into different kinds of dustbins or paper bags.

  下面,我们来看看这道题的评分标准。一般来说,各地的评分标准都和下面的这个标准差不多。这个最高的标准,实际上也就是我们写作的目标。

  评分标准:

  1. 内容完整,语句流畅,无语法错误,书写规范,给9-10分;

  2. 内容较完整,语句较流畅,基本无语法错误,书写较规范,给6-8分;

  3. 内容不完整,语句欠流畅,语法错误较多,书写较规范,给3-5分;

  4. 只写出个别要点,语法错误较多,书写欠规范,只有个别句子可读或不知所云,给0-2分。

   看图作文不可小视。希望大家掌握答好这种题型的要点,并积累词汇。

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