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09年中考英语写作突破:完形填空

2009-03-27

   完型填空 (补全短文)

    "三遍法":第一遍了解大意;第二遍作题;第三遍检查确认

    例题:

    Alex ___1___ in a factory in a big town. He liked ____2____ very much, and was very good at it. Whenever he was free, he went down to the small ___3___ behind the factory and tried to catch some fish, but there were very ___4____ there, because the water of the river was dirty.. then one summer he went to the seaside during his holidays and ___5__ at a small, cheap hotel.

    "I've never fished in the sea ____6___," he thought. "It will be rather different from fishing in our river."

    On the first day he ____7____ a lot of fish and was very ____8___. He gave them to he hotel, and they ____9___ them for all the persons at the hotel, and they enjoyed them very much. After that, he did this every day. But when he got his bill at the ____10____ of his holidays, he saw on it "For oil to fry fish (7days): 14 dollars."

    答案:1. worked 2. fishing 3. river 4. few 5.stayed 6. before

    7. caught 8.happy/pleased/glad 9. cooked 10. end

    3.短文写作

    短文写作评分标准

    评分标准:

    第一档:(15分-13分)符合题目要求,整篇表达清楚,语法无误,词汇拼写正确,卷面整洁。

    第二档:(12分-10分)符合题目要求,整篇表达清楚,语法有少量错误,少量拼写错误,卷面欠整洁。

    第三档:(9分-6分)基本符合题目要求,漏掉若干关键词,超出了题目限制,整篇表达基本清楚,语言有部分错误。

    第四档:(3分-5分) 只能写出题目要求的一两个要点;只有个别句子能看懂,语法、词汇错误很多。

    第五档:(1分-2分)只写出了符合题意的若干单词。

    写作要求: 符合题意;逻辑通畅;语法单词正确;卷面清洁。

    写作的难题--写作的步骤

    篇--段--句--词

    1."篇" 明确主题

    2."段" 构建结构

    运用"提纲"

    提纲案例

    《我最喜爱的老师》

    篇   主题:   

    段   提纲:            1. 老师基本信息介绍

    a. 年龄

    b. 相貌

    c. 所授科目

    d. …

    2.令我感动的小故事 (描写与叙事相结合)

    a. 时间 b. 地点 c. 事情的经过 d. 关键词 shy; encourage

    3.我对老师的评价

    关键词:enjoy his class; like

    3. "句"   填充内容

    多用短句(简单句),慎用长句(并列句/复合句/并列复合句)

    文中参杂若干语法正确的长句能够成为亮点并得到加分。

    短句为主,辅之于长句。

    句子的完整、时态、人称、单复数、以及动词的变形。

    修辞

    比喻  像…

    be like     The house is like a tank.

    He is like a panda.

    as… as…   I am as hungry as a wolf.

    The teacher is as busy as a bee.

    He is as strong as a horse.

    夸张       I am the luckiest boy in the world to have such a nice teacher.

    拟人       The sky is smiling with beautiful sunshine.

    4."词" 

    可分为 "一般词汇" 和 "具体词汇"

    一般词汇  He is a good man.  good

    → 具体词汇 honest; diligent; hardworking; kind; nice; warmhearted; brave; selfless.

    "一般描写" 和 "具体描写" 

    一般描写   She is very beautiful.

    → 具体描写   She is very beautiful. She has dark hair, big shining eyes, and pretty face.

不够精彩?再来一篇
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