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作文 > 英语作文 > 英语写作指导 > 09年中考英语写作突破:应用文与非应用文

09年中考英语写作突破:应用文与非应用文

2009-03-27

    应用文与非应用文

    写人(景、物);叙事;说理

    描写文;记叙文;议论文;说明文;应用文。

    描写文

    写人;写景;状物

    记叙文是培养叙事(讲故事)能力;描写文是培养观察和描述的能力。

    写人

    1. 模板(经典的提纲)

    2. 范文

    3. 句;词

    高分模板:    

    1. 开篇句/段:介绍他/她和我的关系,以及基本相关信息介绍(姓名、年龄、身份、基本关系、或外貌特征)。

    2. 以人物的某方面的特征为中心展开描写。

    (可以描写与叙事相结合;抓住特点,切忌面面俱到;描写要讲究顺序:由上到下;由表及里)

    3. 总结  一两句话简要概括对其映象或评价,再抒发一句"情感句"升华文章

   中考英语作文 范文:

    My Best Friend

    Jay is my best friend. He is 15 years old. He is a lovely boy with a round face and two big small eyes. He always has a smile on his face. He is a little taller than I.

    Every morning, we go school together. He studies quite well and he's a top student in our class. He is modest in his behavior. When I have difficulty in English, I always ask him for help. We are both interested in music. At weekends, we join same hobby group and play the pianotogether.

    We like each other very much.

    语言描写  间接引语;直接引语。

    直接引语例:

    She often says to me, "Work while you work; play while you play. If you do not work, you will be lazy and of no use to the society." What a piece of good advice this is! I must value it and always keep it in my mind.

    由于考试中词数的限制,文章可分为若干段落,也可写成一段。

    经典句例

    结尾升华句:

    例:1. We like each other very much. /I love my teacher very much.

    2. He is the hero in my mind

    3. She is such a naughty and clever girl.

    4. What a good teacher she is!

    5. With her help, I made great progress.

    6. She teaches us so well that we all enjoy her classes.

    7. We still keep in touch with each other, and I believe our friendship will last forever.

    8. I feel lucky to have such a nice friend.

    9. She/he has left a good impression in my mind.

    10. We have made up our minds to study harder, and win still greater success in our studies.

    经典句型:

    Of all my friends/teachers, I love/like _____ most.

    He/she taught me/us math/English when I was in primary school/ junior middle school.

    With his/her help/encouragement, I made great/rapid progress at _____ (and caught up with others).

    He/she is able to make her class lively.

    She is a English Teacher. She comes from Canada. → She is a English Teacher from Canada.

    He is a lovely boy. He has a round face. He has a pair of big eyes.→ He is a lovely boy with a friendly look/a round/long and narrow face and big eyes. → He/she is a handsome/pretty/beautiful/nice boy/girl/teacher with round face/dark/short/long hair/big eyes/high nose bridge (with a son/two daughters/ Shanghai dialect)

    He is energetic. You can often see him on the playground, either playing basketball or volleyball.

    Be born in …

    Has been to … has gone to…

    Work very hard without complaint

    She is kind and always smiles, and she gets on well with us.

    I met sb. on the internet. We often chat on the internet. I usually play games with him on the internet.

    She is very responsible to her work and strict with her students.

    Sb. is hard-working/diligent/industrious. Sb. often works/studies late into the night. Sb. gets up early and sleeps very late every day.

    a girl of beauty; a boy of perseverance; a friend of devotion; a boy of fifteen.

    Sb. looks beautiful/younger

    常用词汇

    Tall and thin; short and stout; wear long and short (black/white/golden/fair/grey/hair)hair; good-looking; ordinary-looking; kind; friendly; kind-hearted; tired; nice; naughty; clever; smart; careful/careless; gentle; graceful; wrinkle; enter(school); be fond of(doing); be good at; be ready to (help…); be born in; get/win the prize in … competition; (my hobby) include…(in spare time); (my friend) pay visit to (my school); physical exercise; now and then; in one's mind

    物品描写                               景物描写

    经典模板:                             经典模板:

    第一部分 物品的外表特征、形状、功能。  第一部分 先按空间顺序进行描写

    第二部分 对物品的印象和态度。          第二部分 抒发自己对景色的感受。

    中考英语作文范文:

    My Bedroom

    I have a bedroom. It is in the middle of my house.

    Opening the door, you can see a big bed. It is brown. There is a toy bear on it. I call it "Benben". It's lovely. I sleep with it every night. On the wall, there are two nights. They look like mushrooms. They are very beautiful. On the left and rights sides of the bed there are two small desks. A photo of me, some books and English tapes are on them.

    My bedroom is neither big nor small. It is very bright. I clean it every day. So it is always clean and tidy.

    This is my bedroom. It is a small world of me.

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